From Neural Basis of Cognition to Surgical Applications
The goal of this book is to make a link between fundamental research in the field of cognitive neurosciences, which now benefits from a better knowledge of the neural foundations of cerebral processing, and its clinical application, especially in neurosurgery – itself able to provide new insights into brain organization.
The anatomical bases are presented, advances and limitations of the different methods of functional cerebral mapping are discussed, updated models of sensorimotor, visuospatial, language, memory, emotional, and executive functions are explained in detail. In the light of these data, new strategies of surgical management of cerebral lesions are proposed, with an optimization of the benefit–risk ratio of surgery. Finally, perspectives about brain connectivity and plasticity are discussed on the basis of translational studies involving serial functional neuroimaging, intraoperative cortico-subcortical electrical mapping, and biomathematical modeling of interactions between parallel distributed neural networks.
M. Mesulam: Foreword. -H. Duffau: Introduction . - Brain anatomy: G. C. Ribas: The microneurosurgical anatomy of the cerebral cortex. - J. Martino and C. Brogna:Anatomy of the white matter pathways. -Methods of brain mapping: advances and limitations: A. Krainik: Functional MRI. - M. Catani and F. Dell’Acqua: In vivo mapping of white matter pathways with diffusion based tractography: focus on neurosurgical applications. - S. Baillet: Magnetoencephalography. -P. A. Winkler: Extraoperative Electrical Mapping. -E. Mandonnet: Intraoperative electrical mapping: advances, limitations and perspectives. - New insights into neuro-cognition provided by brain mapping: C. Xerri :Experience-dependent reorganization of somatosensory and motor cortical areas: towards a neurobiology of rehabilitation. - P. Tremblay, A. S. Dick and S. L. Small: New insights into the neurobiology of language from functional brain imaging. - M. A. Lambon Ralph: Neural basis of memory. .- M. Thiebaut de Schotten and P. Bartolomeo: New insights into neuro-cognition provided by brain mapping: Visuo-spatial cognition. - A. S. Champod, E. Ferreira, C. Amiez, P. Kostopoulos, D. L. Collins, R. Del Maestro, and M. Petrides : Pre-operative and post-operative functional magnetic resonance imaging and intra-operative assessment of mental spatial transformations in patients undergoing surgery for brain tumors. - J. Bellerose, M. H. Beauchamp and M. Lassonde: New insights into neurocognition provided by brain mapping: Social cognition and theory of mind. - Surgical applications: M. Klein and P. C. De Witt Hamer: Neurocognitive outcome and resective brain tumor surgery in adults. - N. Ramsey and G.-J. Rutten: Functional neuroimaging in neurosurgical practice. - E. F. Chang, R. A. Gabriel, M. S. Berger, S. S. Nagarajan: Preoperative magnetoencephalography. - T. Picht: Preoperative transcranial magnetic stimulation: Basic principles for mapping a tumorous primary motor cortex. - J. M. Espadaler and G. Conesa :Navigated repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) for language mapping: a new tool for surgical planning. - L. Bello, A. Castellano, E. Fava, G. Casaceli, M. Riva, A. Falini: Preoperative DTI: contribution to surgical planning and validation by intraoperative electrostimulation. - O. Ganslandt, P. Grummich, Ch. Nimsky: Multimodal functional neuronavigation and intraoperative imaging. - A. Szelényi: Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring under general anesthesia. - G. Ojemann :Brain mapping in epilepsy surgery . - H. Duffau: Awake mapping and tumor surgery. - Perspectives: H. Duffau: Indications of awake mapping and selection of intraoperative tasks. - H. Duffau: Brain Hodotopy: New Insights provided by Intrasurgical Mapping. - H. Duffau: Brain plasticity: a new concept in neuroscience, a new tool in neurosurgery. - P. Bellec, A. Messé, D. Coynel, V. Perlbarg, H. Benali, and G. Marrelec: Resting-state brain networks in functional MRI. - E. van Dellen, L. Douw, I. Bosma, J.J. Heimans, C.J. Stam, and J.C. Reijneveld: Neural network analysis and its application in neurosurgical planning. - A. L. Benabid: Futile circuits in functional neurosurgery.