Bioarchaeology of Women and Children in Times of War
Case Studies from the Americas
The volume will show that during periods of violence and warfare, many suffer beyond those individuals directly involved in battle. From pre-Hispanic Peru to Ming dynasty Mongolia to the Civil War-era United States to the present, warfare has been and is a public health disaster, particularly for women and children. Individuals and populations suffer from displacement, sometimes permanently, due to loss of food and resources and an increased risk of contracting communicable diseases, which results from the poor conditions and tight spaces present in most refugee camps, ancient and modern.
Bioarchaeology can provide a more nuanced lens through which to examine the effects of warfare on life, morbidity, and mortality, bringing individuals not traditionally considered by studies of warfare and prolonged violence into focus. Inclusion of these groups in discussions of warfare can increase our understanding of not only the biological but also the social meaning and costs of warfare.
Chapter 1: The Bioarchaeology of Women, Children and Other Groups in Times of War.- Chapter 2: Shattered Mirrors: Gender, Age, and Westernized Interpretations of War (and Violence) in the Past.- Chapter 3: War at the Door: Evolutionary Considerations of Warfare and Female Fighters.- Chapter 4: Politics and Social Substitution in Total War: Exploring the Treatment of Combatants and Noncombatants during the Mississippian Period of the Central Illinois Valley.- Chapter 5: When Elites Wage War: Violence and Social Coercion along the Chaco Meridian.- Chapter 6: Caught in a Cataclysm: Effects of Pueblo Warfare on Noncombatants in the Northern Southwest.- Chapter 7: The Poetics of Annihilation: On the Presence of Women and Children at Massacre Sites in the Ancient Southwest.- Chapter 8: Army Healthcare for Sable Soldiers during the American Civil War.- Chapter 9: Potential Applications of Public Health Tools to Bioarchaeological Datasets: The ‘Dirty War Index’ and the Biological Costs of Armed Conflict for Children.- Chapter 10: Conclusion: The Deeper You Dig, the Dirtier it Gets.