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Historical Buildings and Energy

Historical Buildings and Energy

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This book provides a methodological framework to set properly the thermal enhancement and energy efficiency in historical buildings during a renovation process. It describes the unique thermal features of historical properties, closely examining how the building materials, structural elements, and state of conservation can impact energy efficiency, including sample calculations and results. It also describes means and aims of several fundamental steps to improve energy efficiency in historical buildings with an experimentation on a case study. This timely text also introduces leading-edge technologies for enhancing the energy performance of historical buildings, including the potential for integration of co- ad tri-generation though micro-turbines, photovoltaics and solar collectors and their compatibility with architectural preservation.

Part I Methodology1 Contexts and Methodology (Giovanna Franco) 1.1 The Main Principles 1.1.1 Heritage as an Active Resource 1.1.2 Heritage and Sustainability: Aporias and Conflicts 1.2 The Contexts 1.2.1 Research and Technological Innovation 1.2.2 Technical Regulations and Guidelines 1.3 The Questions 1.3.1 The Smart Grid System and Historical Heritage 1.3.2 Quality of the Renovation Process and Sustainable Management 1.3.3 The Role of the Tools 1.4 Energy Efficiency in Historical Heritage and Applied Research 1.4.1 The System of Knowledge, Data Acquisition, Cataloguing and Management 1.4.2 The Evaluations 1.4.3 The Strategies 1.5 The Structure of the Book References2 Conserving-Restoring for the Future What we Inherited from the Past (Stefano F. Musso) 2.1 The Reasons of Conservation-Restoration of Built Environment Today 2.2 A Brief Historical Profile of the Discipline  2.3 Methodological and Operational Issues and Tools 2.4 Studies and Researches 2.5 Values, Impacts, Consequences of the Conservation-Restoration Interventions 2.6 The Specificity of any Conservation-Restoration Project 2.7 Conservation-Restoration as an Open and Transversal Field 2.8 New Reasons and Challenges for Conservation-Restoration in the Future World References3 Energy Efficiency and HVAC system in existing and historical buildings (Francesca d'Ambrosio Alfano, Livio de Santoli) 3.1 Introduction 3.2 The EN 16883 Standard 3.3 AiCARR's Guide 3.3.1 The Energy Efficiency as Preservation Tool 3.3.2 HVAC Systems in Historical Buildings 3.3.3 Thermal Insulation og the Envelope of Historical Buildings 3.3.4 AiCARR’s Procedure to Improve the Energy Efficiency in Historical Buildings 3.3.5 Energy Efficiency and Cultural Landscape: a Tool to Assess their Integration< 3.4 Conclusions References4 Thermal Behaviour of Historical Buildings, Materials and Components: Methodological Framework, Calculation, Results (Anna Magrini) 4.1 Introduction 4.2 The Calculation Method of the Energy Performance of Buildings 4.3 Main Parameters for the Thermal Characterization of Walls 4.3.1 Thermal Transmittance 4. 3.2 Thermal Bridges 4.3.3 Dynamic Thermal Characteristics of the Envelope 4.3.4 Vapour Transmission through Walls 4.4 Some Typologies of Walls and their Characteristics 4.5 Thermo-hygrometric Analysis in the Energy Refurbishment 2.5.1 Effects of the Insulation on Historic Building Walls ReferencesPart II Enhancing Energy Efficiency in a Monumental Complex: a Feasibility Study5 Energy and Heritage. Development on a Case Study (Giovanna Franco) 5.1 The Complex of the Albergo dei Poveri in Genoa 5.2 Brief History of the Settlement 5.3 Morphological and Architectural Features 5.4 Current Use of the Building 5.5 For a Sustainable Cognitive Approach: Acquisition, Cataloguing and Management of Information 5.6 Improving the Energy Performance of the Complex: a Feasibility Study References6 Constructive Techniques in Historical Buildings (Simonetta Acacia, Marta Casanova) 6.1 Introduction 6.2 The Elevation Structure: the Walls 6.3 Vaults and Wooden Floors 6.4 The Roof Structures 6.5 The Windows References7 Thermal Behaviour and Energy Demand  (Giovanna Franco, Marco Cartesegna) 7.1 General Masterplan: Identification of New Compatible Uses 7.2 Quantifying Energy Needs: Power Demand for Heating 7.2.1 Thermal Characteristic of Dispersive Elements: External Walls 7.2.2 Roofs 7.2.3 Attic floors 7.2.4 Windows 7.2.5 Prerequisites for the New Uses and Calculation 7.3 Energy demand for Hot Water 7.4 The Electricity Demand  7.4.1 Electricity Demand for Lighting 7.4.2 Electricity Demand for Other Electrical Appliances 7.4.3 Measuring the Air Conditioning Systems 7.5 Overall Calculation of Energy Consumption 7.5.1 Consumption of Electricity and Thermal Energy for Summer Cooling 7.5.2 Consumption of electricity and thermal energy for winter heating 7.5.3 Electricity consumption for extraction in communal bathrooms 7.5.4 Consumption of electricity and thermal energy for hot water 7.5.5 Consumption of electricity for lighting and supplying other apparatus8 Strategies for Energy Saving and Efficiency: Technical Feasibility, Compatibility, Energy Balance (Giovanna Franco, Marco Cartesegna) 8.1 Improving the Thermal Performance of the Historical Buildings 8.1.1 Insulation of the Roof  8.2.1 Insulation of the Attic Floors Masonry Brick Vaults Wooden Structure and Plastered Wattle Vaults Brick Arches and Plastered Wattle Vaults Reinforced Concrete Floors Plasterboard Ceilings 8.3.1 Insulation of the External Walls 8.4.1 External Windows: Conservation, Restoration and Addition 8.2 Energy Gains from the Insulating Techniques 8.3 The Cogeneration System: Installation of Micro-turbines 8.3.1 Preliminary Analysis of the Cogeneration Units 8.3.2 Coverage of Thermal and Electrical Loads through Cogeneration Units 8.3.3 Calculation during Winter and Summer Periods 8.3.4 Operation Mode of "Thermal Tracking" Cogenerators 8.4 Micro-generation through Solar Energy References9 Impacts of Solar-powered Panels on the Historical Environment (Giovanna Franco) 9.1 Efficacy, Efficiency and Life Cycle Assessment 9.2 Means and Aims: Integration, Mimesis and Alteration 9.3 Identification of the Factors and Criteria for Compatibility 9.4 Compatibility Criteria: General Recommendations 9.4.1 Interventions on historical buildings, either isolated or aggregated 9.4.2 Intervention on flat roofs 9.4.3 Interventions on annexes to the building or projecting elements 9.4.4 Interventions on recently constructed buildings 9.5 Recommendations relating to Quantitative and Qualitative Factors 9.5.1Surface area and coverage ratio 9.5.2 Height 9.5.3 Width  9.5.4 Shape  9.5.5 Colour  9.5.6 Texture 9.5.6 Tilt 9.5.6 Attachment/anchoring method 9.5.7 Arrangement: discrete or continuous 9.5.8 Aggregation, proportion and alignment  References
FRANCO AURELIANI wurde bereits mit dem Eisner Award ausgezeichnet und ist Schriftsteller, Künstler und Mitschöpfer von Patrick the Wolf Boy und AW YEAH COMICS! Franco hat an der Dino-Mike-Buchreihe gearbeitet, und an von der Kritik gefeierten Comics wie SUPERMAN FAMILY ADVENTURES, YOUNG JUSTICE, BILLY BATSON AND THE MAGIC OF SHAZAM und der mit mehreren Eisner Awards ausgezeichneten New-York-Times-Bestsellerreihe TINY TITANS, sowie SUPER POWERS für DC Comics. Außerdem hat er an Grimmiss Island und Itty Bitty Hellboy mit Dark Horse Comics mitgewirkt. Franco ist einer der Haupteigentümer der „Aw Yeah Comics“-Läden. Wenn er gerade nicht an Comics arbeitet, trifft man Franco in der Highschool an, wo er als Lehrer tätig ist
Springer Verlag
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