Requisites and Applications
This book, now in a revised and updated second edition, systematically covers the use of ultrasound in all organ systems throughout childhood. After discussing the basics, including physics, ultrasound methods, and artifacts, it elucidates decision-making regarding the use of ultrasound by discussing diagnostic flow charts based on recommended imaging algorithms. The main part of the book addresses ultrasound investigations of the various organs. It documents the indications and prerequisites for specific examinations and offers practical tips and tricks. The normal, age-dependent ultrasound findings and typical appearances in different pathologies are presented in detail and illustrated by numerous high-quality images, with a particular emphasis on those findings that differ from the adult sonographic appearances. And finally, dedicated chapters explore point-of-care and emergency ultrasound, interventional ultrasound, and present orienting tables.
This state-of-the-art book covers modern techniques and applications, like contrast-enhanced ultrasound, ultrasound elastography, and automated-image optimization, as well as all pediatric ultrasound applications from point-of-care ultrasound and orienting assessment also at the intensive care unit/emergency room to more detailed and advanced applications, e.g., in dedicated tertiary referral centers.
Pediatric Ultrasound is an invaluable source of information and an indispensable aid to decision-making and diagnosis for radiology residents, (pediatric) radiologists, sonographers, pediatricians, (pediatric) surgeons, urologists, and all other physicians who deal with children as a part of their daily practice.
PART I Basics / Theory / Methods:
1 US Physics
2 US Methods, artifacts, biologic effects and practice
3 (Color) Doppler US: theory and artifacts, typical applications in childhood
4 Contrast-enhanced US, and Ultrasound elastography in childhood.-
5 Paediatric limited field of view US/point of care US (POCUS) and emergency US – when, how and for what.-
Part II Diagnostic flow charts, imaging algorithms, and graphs:
6 Imaging and imaging algorithms for common queries in childhood
7 Measurements and volume calculations: basic considerations, graphs and illustrations for standardisation
PART III US investigations of the various organs:
8 Neurosonography in Neonates, Infants and Children
9 US of the neonatal spinal canal and cord
10 US of the neck in childhood
11 Basics of pediatric echocardiography
12 Ultrasound of the Chest
13 Upper abdominal US in neonates, infants and children - including novel applications
14 US of the paediatric gastrointestinal tract
15 Ultrasound of the urogenital tract in neonates, infants and children
16 Neonatal and pediatric hip US
17 Musculo-skeletal- & other small part US in childhood
18 US of peripheral nerves in childhood
PART IV Miscellaneous:
19 US-guided interventions and invasive US procedures, and respective follow-up in childhood
20 Normal values as relevant for paediatric US.
Michael Riccabona, MD, worked at the Department of Radiology’s Division of Paediatric Radiology at the Medical University and University Hospital Graz, Austria. After his recent retirement, he is still lecturing at the University and internationally.
Prof. Riccabona was the president of ESPR in 2015 and is now an honorary member of ESPR, GPR and OERG. He is also a fellow of AIUM and a past president of the society of German-speaking pediatric radiologists (GPR). He was chair of the paediatric section of the Austrian Ultrasound Society (OEGUM) and the Austrian Radiological Society (OERG). He has and is engaged in numerous teaching activities throughout the world, particularly also in outreach settings, and editor of several books as well as author of numerous book chapters.