Meine Position
The New Terrorism

The New Terrorism

Actors, Strategies and Tactics

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In light of asymmetrical security threats in western democracies as well as in conflict regions, this timely book examines the actors, strategies and tactics of Islamist terrorism and transnational organized crime around the globe. The authors develop an interdisciplinary approach to understanding the ideologies, forms of cooperation, and technological means used in new forms of terrorism.

The book starts with an empirical analysis of the new Jihadism as a global Islamist theology and strategy. Furthermore, it investigates the interaction, cooperation and fusion of transnational organized crime and Islamist terrorism and highlights new communication technologies as vital tools for terrorism. Lastly, the book provides an analysis of asymmetrical strategies and tactics used by terrorist organisations, and of low-level terrorism. As such, it will appeal to all political scientists and criminologists studying terrorism, as well as to professionals at various national and international security services. 

1. Introduction1.1 Theory1.2 The empirical method1.3 Literature2. The Jihadism of the 21st century as a worldwide religious-political ideology: The new Jihad as theology and strategy2.1 Religions and their connections to violence, fundamentalism and totalitarianism2.2 Jihad and Islam2.3 Jihad and the Quran2.4 Jihad and its old preachers: The Jihad of the 20th century2.4.1 Hanbalism as Islamic/theological source of Islamism2.4.2 Wahhabism as Islamic/theological source of Islamism: reading the Quran literally2.4.3 Hassan Al Banna: His Muslim brotherhood as a mass movement with parallel state structures and Jihad as theological and military means2.4.4 Sayyid Qutb and his brother Muhammad Qutb as a connecting link of the Muslim brotherhood to Wahhabism in Saudi-Arabia2.4.5 Mustafa Shukri2.5 Jihad and its new preachers: Toward the Jihad of the 21st century2.5.1 Abdullah Yusuf Azzam: The Internationalisation of Jihad2.5.2 The Salafist Jihadist Abu Muhammad Maqdisi as a link between Saudi-Arabian legal scholars and Jihadist preachers and doctrines: Constructing democracies as dualist opponents of Islam2.5.3 Abu Musab Al Suri (Mustafa Setmariam Nasar): The call for Global Islamic Resistance2.5.4 Ayman Al Zawahiri: From preacher and ideologist of the new Jihad to the leader of Al Qaida2.5.5 Al Wala wa-l-bara as a Salafist-Jihadist doctrine of “us versus them”, “friend versus foe”, “good versus evil”2.5.6 The new Jihad as a theology and doctrine2.6 Jihad and the Muslim “martyr”, the Shahid2.6.1 The new cult of martyrs: Jihadist suicide attackers as a tactical-operative means of the 21st century2.7 Summary2.8 Literature3. Cooperation, interaction and fusion of transnational organised crime and transnational Jihadism: The new terrorism3.1 Transnational organised crime, transnational Jihadism and political science3.1.1 Characteristics of contemporary organised crime3.2 Weak states and failed states as vital factors for transnational organised crime and Jihadism3.3 New forms of interaction, cooperation and fusion: Characteristics3.3.1 Interaction, cooperation and fusion in drug trafficking3.3.2 Segmentation of the drug markets and characteristics of the actors3.3.3 Afghanistan: Cooperation of organised crime and Jihadism in drug trafficking3.4 North and West Africa: Cooperation of organised crime, drug trafficking and trafficking of weapons, cigarettes and other goods3.4.1 Actors of organised crime: The Tuareg3.4.2 Actors of Jihadism: Ansar Dine, Al Mourabitoun and Al Qaida in Islamic Maghreb3.5 The Haqqani network as hybrid actors of organised crime and Jihadism: The new terrorism3.5.1 Structure and characteristics3.5.2 Terrorist attacks, assaults and kidnapping for ransom: The perpetuation of failing states as a precondition for organised crime3.5.3 Activities of organised crime3.6 Interaction and cooperation between the D-Company and Lashkar-e-Tayyiba3.6.1 D-Company3.6.2 Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (LeT)3.6.3 Interaction and cooperation3.7 Interaction, cooperation and fusion in the area of Kidnapping for Ransom3.8 Summary3.9 Literature4. New Technology in the hands of the New Terrorism4.1 The strategies and tactics of large-scale Jihadist organisations4.1.1 The ubiquity of preachers of the new Jihad on the internet4.1.2 Direct and indirect Jihadist indoctrination: permanent contact with the individual and the supporters of Islamist and/or Jihadist ideology4.1.3 The internet as a Jihadist instrument for propaganda, social networking, communications and tactical-operational control of terrorist attacks and killings4.1.4 Training and operational knowledge in the Jihadi online magazines Inspire, Dabiq and Rumiyah4.1.5 Financing activities on the internet4.2 The narrative of a worldwide umma of “true Muslims”4.2.1 Online publications and videos: archaic aesthetics of violence4.3 Psychological Warfare4.4 Recruiting by virtual Dawa4.5 Summary4.6 Literature5. Strategy and Tactics of the New Terrorism5.1 Asymmetric Strategy and Tactics5.1.1 The “Islamic State”: A Jihadi Organisation, its 21st Century Caliphate Interpretation and its Hybrid Strategic and Tactical Logic5.1.2 Selected Asymmetric Tactics of New Terrorism5.2 Low level terrorism: Jihadist lone operators and cells5.3 Summary5.4 Literature6. Summary: What is new about new terrorism?6.1 Literature
Dr. Stefan Goertz, Professor für Sicherheitspolitik, Schwerpunkt Extremismusund Terrorismusforschung, Hochschule des Bundes, Fachbereich Bundespolizei, Lübeck.
Springer Verlag
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139 Seiten
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