Representing Islam: Hip-Hop of the September 11 Generation
In Representing Islam, Kamaludeen Mohamed Nasir explores the tension between Islam and the global popularity of hip-hop, including attempts by the hip-hop ummah, or community, to draw from the struggles of African Americans in order to articulate the human rights abuses Muslims face. Nasir explores state management of hip-hop culture and how Muslim hip-hoppers are attempting to "Islamize" the genre's performance and jargon to bring the music more in line with religious requirements, which are perhaps even more fraught for female artists who struggle with who has the right to speak for Muslim women. Nasir also investigates the vibrant underground hip-hop culture that exists online. For fans living in conservative countries, social media offers an opportunity to explore and discuss hip-hop when more traditional avenues have been closed.
Representing Islam considers the complex and multifaceted rise of hip-hop on a global stage and, in doing so, asks broader questions about how Islam is represented in this global community.
Introduction: Anthem of a Generation
1. Songs Rather Than Screams
2. Something that is Ours... and still Authentically Islam
3. It is... a Problem of Human Rights
4. She Reppin' Islam and She Gives it a Meaning
5. Enemy of the State
6. Keeping it Real... Keeping it Cool...